Der erste Titel im amerikanischen Pro-Wrestling war der am Januar eingeführte „American Greco-Roman Title“, durch den Chefredakteur der New. Professional Wrestler, auch Pro-Wrestler oder Profi-Wrestler genannt, bezeichnet eine Person, die das moderne Wrestling betreibt. Wrestling ist eine besonders in Japan, den USA und Mexiko populäre Schaukampf-Sportart. Der Sieger steht schon vor dem Match fest, die Abläufe werden teilweise improvisiert und mit Showelementen und Storylines angereichert. Trotz des.
Pro Wrestling DeutschlandPro Wrestling Deutschland. likes · 3 talking about this. Pro Wrestling Deutschland ist die neue Wrestling-Promotion aus Deutschland und. Der erste Titel im amerikanischen Pro-Wrestling war der am Januar eingeführte „American Greco-Roman Title“, durch den Chefredakteur der New. web-o-tron.com: HEADLOCK - Der Pro Wrestling Podcast: HEADLOCK - Der Pro Wrestling Podcast / Olaf Bleich.
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Alles Spitze Xl - Customer reviewsAls erster Tweener gilt Superstar Billy Graham. Terry Mancour. Die angestrebte Overness zu erreichen, Pokerset eine der wichtigsten Aufgaben eines Wrestlers und kann Fruchtlutscher Baby künftige Karriere entscheidend beeinflussen. Die WWF baute darauf, neue Stars zu erschaffen und natürlich auch, neue Ideen zu entwickeln und Grenzen zu überschreiten.
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Women's professional wrestling. Lee then teamed with fellow Age of the Fall member Delirious and defeated Cheech and Cloudy in a tag team match, before ending the night by attacking Necro Butcher , with whom the stable was feuding with, after his match with Go Shiozaki.
On November 7, Lee's match with Necro Butcher ended in a disqualification, when the rest of the Age of the Fall attacked his opponent.
Champion match, but was defeated. On December 30, , JAPW announced that Lee, who had not made an appearance for the promotion in nine months, had been stripped of the Heavyweight Championship.
Lee debuted for Evolve on January 16, , at the promotion's first ever show, teaming with Gran Akuma and Icarus in a six-man tag team match, where they were defeated by Team Frightning Mike Quackenbush, Hallowicked and Frightmare.
After losing a singles match to Gran Akuma on March 13, Lee picked up his first victory in the company by defeating Gran Akuma, Hallowicked and Chris Dickinson in a four-way match on May 1.
At the fourth show on July 23, Lee wrestled Jon Moxley to a no contest. As Moxley was protesting the stoppage, Lee kicked a chair into his face, which led to Evolve suspending him for the September 11 show.
Lee returned to Evolve on May 20, , in a match, where he was defeated by Sami Callihan via submission. Later, on the pay-per-view section of the evening, Lee interrupted a match between Rip Impact and Johnny Wave and beat down both of the competitors, before announcing that next time he would be coming after a Japanese wrestler.
Later in the night Lee set his sights on Yamato and chased him away from ringside, when he tried to interfere in a match between his ally Jon Moxley and Jimmy Jacobs.
At the following day's tapings of Freedom Fight , Lee defeated Akebono in a singles match. The Warriors stable turned heel on January 14, , when they attacked Masato Yoshino and World—1, aligning themselves with Naruki Doi 's group, though Lee himself was not present, as he was snowed in and could not make the show.
The following day Lee made his return to Dragon Gate as a member of the new top heel group, in a match, where he, Gamma and Genki Horiguchi defeated Yamato, Kagetora and Diablo.
Proseguono le indagini su John E. Scrivi qwui. Continua a leggere. Altre News. In Primo Piano. The Whole Damn Show.
Annual shows such as WrestleMania , Bound for Glory , Wrestle Kingdom and formerly Starrcade are among the highest-selling pay-per-view programming each year.
In modern day, internet programming has been utilized by a number of companies to air web shows, internet pay per views IPPVs or on-demand content, helping to generate internet-related revenue earnings from the evolving World Wide Web.
Home video sales dominate the Billboard charts Recreational Sports DVD sales, with wrestling holding anywhere from 3 to 9 of the top 10 spots every week.
Due to its persistent cultural presence and to its novelty within the performing arts, wrestling constitutes a recurring topic in both academia and the media.
Several documentaries have been produced looking at professional wrestling, most notably, Beyond the Mat directed by Barry W.
There have also been many fictional depictions of wrestling; the film The Wrestler received several Oscar nominations and began a career revival for star Mickey Rourke.
When talking about professional wrestling, there are two levels: the "in-show" happenings that are presented through the shows, and happenings which are outside the scope of performance in other words, are real life but have implications on the performance, such as performer contracts, legitimate injuries, etc.
Because actual events are often co-opted by writers for incorporation into storylines for the performers, the lines are often blurred and become confused.
Special care must be taken when talking about people who perform under their own name. The actions of the character should be considered fictional events, wholly separate from the life of the performer.
This is similar to other entertainers who perform with a persona that shares their own name such as Kurt Angle and his fictional persona.
Some wrestlers would incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters, even if they and their in-ring persona have different names.
Historians are unsure at what point wrestling changed from competitive catch wrestling into worked entertainment. However, documented accounts do exist: WWE Superstar Bret "Hitman" Hart recalls "a long and fascinating talk" he had in the summer of with the great Lou Thesz who told him that:.
At a time when Jack Dempsey was knocking everyone out in a couple of rounds and Babe Ruth was smashing the home run record in baseball, the average World Title wrestling match often lasted five or six hours and ended in a stalemate.
Ed 'Strangler' Lewis , Thesz's mentor, was impossible to beat, so he eventually worked a title loss just to pump some new blood into the business and make a nice payoff—and that was when it had all changed.
Those who participated felt that maintenance of a constant and complete illusion for all who were not involved was necessary to keep audience interest.
For decades, wrestlers lived their public lives as though they were their characters. The practice of keeping the illusion, and the various methods used to do so, came to be known as " kayfabe " within wrestling circles, or " working the marks ".
An entire lexicon of slang jargon and euphemism developed to allow performers to communicate without outsiders' knowledge of what was being said.
Occasionally a performer will deviate from the intended sequence of events. This is known as a shoot. Sometimes shoot-like elements are included in wrestling stories to blur the line between performance and reality.
These are known as "worked shoots". However, the vast majority of events in professional wrestling are preplanned and improvised within accepted boundaries.
Gradually, the predetermined nature of professional wrestling became an open secret, as prominent figures in the wrestling business including World Wrestling Entertainment owner Vince McMahon began to publicly admit that wrestling was entertainment, not competition.
This public reveal has garnered mixed reactions from the wrestling community, as some feel that exposure ruins the experience to the spectators as does exposure in illusionism.
Despite the public admission of the theatrical nature of professional wrestling, many U. I watch championship wrestling from Florida with wrestling commentator Gordon Solie.
Is this all "fake"? If so, they deserve an Oscar. Professional wrestling shows can be considered a form of theater in the round , with the ring, ringside area, and entryway comprising a stage.
However, there is a much more limited concept of a fourth wall than in most theatric performances, similar to pantomime involving audience participation.
The audience is recognized and acknowledged by the performers as spectators to the sporting event being portrayed, and are encouraged to interact as such.
This leads to a high level of audience participation; in fact, their reactions can dictate how the performance unfolds. Most forms of stage combat attempt to minimize all risk of pain and injury to the actors, and fans of theater typically accept that stage combat cannot look very real.
But fans of professional wrestling demand a better illusion, and consequently the performers perform physical feats that often lead to real pain and injury.
Many professional wrestlers over long careers develop lasting injuries and disabilities not too dissimilar from what is seen in real contact sport , and they tend to have shorter lifespans.
There is no governing authority for professional wrestling rules, although there is a general standard which has developed. Each promotion has its own variation, but all are similar enough to avoid confusion most of the time.
Any rule described here is simply a standard, and may or may not correspond exactly with any given promotion's ruleset.
Due to the staged nature of wrestling, these are not actual "rules"  in the sense that they would be considered in similar articles about actual sports like freestyle wrestling.
Instead, the "rules" in this article are implemented and supposedly enforced for the sake of suspension of disbelief known as kayfabe in the jargon of the business.
Matches are held between two or more sides "corners". Each corner may consist of one wrestler, or a team of two or more. Most team matches are governed by tag team rules see below.
Other matches are free-for-alls, with multiple combatants but no teams. In all variants, there can be only one winning team or wrestler.
Matches are held within a wrestling ring , an elevated square canvas mat with posts on each corner.
A cloth apron hangs over the edges of the ring. Three horizontal ropes or cables surround the ring, suspended with turnbuckles which are connected to the posts.
For safety, the ropes are padded at the turnbuckles and cushioned mats surround the floor outside the ring. Guardrails or a similar barrier enclose this area from the audience.
Wrestlers are generally expected to stay within the confines of the ring, though matches sometimes end up outside the ring, and even in the audience, to add excitement.
These are each explained in greater detail below. Typically, pinfalls and submissions must occur within the ring area, however there are times where it may be stipulated otherwise.
Most wrestling matches last for a set number of falls, with the first side to achieve the majority number of pinfalls, submissions, or countouts being the winner.
Historically, matches were wrestled to 3 falls "best 2 out of 3" or 5 falls "best 3 out of 5". The standard for modern matches is one fall.
However, even though it is now standard, many announcers will explicitly say so, e. Modern matches are generally given a to minute time limit for standard matches; title matches can go for up to one hour.
British wrestling matches held under Admiral-Lord Mountevans rules are 2 out of 3 falls. An alternative is a match set for a prescribed length of time, with a running tally of falls.
The entrant with the most falls at the end of the time limit is declared the winner. This is usually for 20, 30 or 60 minutes, and is commonly called an Iron Man match.
This type of match can be modified so that fewer types of falls are allowed. In matches with multiple competitors, an elimination system may be used.
Any wrestler who has a fall scored against them is forced out of the match, and the match continues until only one remains.
However, it is much more common when more than two wrestlers are involved to simply go one fall, with the one scoring the fall, regardless of who they scored it against, being the winner.
In championship matches, this means that, unlike one-on-one matches where the champion can simply disqualify himself or get himself counted out to retain the title via the Champion's Advantage , the champion does not have to be pinned or involved in the decision to lose the championship.
However, heel champions often find advantages, not in Champion's Advantage, but in the use of weapons and outside interference, as these poly-sided matches tend to involve no holds barred rules.
Many modern specialty matches have been devised, with unique winning conditions. The most common of these is the ladder match.
In the basic ladder match, the wrestlers or teams of wrestlers must climb a ladder to obtain a prize that is hoisted above the ring. The key to winning this match is that the wrestler or team of wrestlers must try to incapacitate each other long enough for one wrestler to climb the ladder and secure that prize for their team.
As a result, the ladder can be used as a weapon. The prizes include but are not limited to any given championship belt the traditional prize , a document granting the winner the right to a future title shot, or any document that matters to the wrestlers involved in the match such as one granting the winner a cash prize.
Another common specialty match is known as the battle royal. In a battle royal, all the wrestlers enter the ring to the point that there are 20—30 wrestlers in the ring at one time.
When the match begins, the simple objective is to throw the opponent over the top rope and out of the ring with both feet on the floor to eliminate that opponent.
The last wrestler standing is declared the winner. A variant on this type of match is the WWE's Royal Rumble where two wrestlers enter the ring to start the match and other wrestlers follow in 90 second intervals previously 2 minutes until 30—40 wrestlers have entered the ring.
All other rules stay the same. For more match types, see Professional wrestling match types. Every match must be assigned a rule keeper known as a referee , who is the final arbitrator.
In multi-man lucha libre matches, two referees are used, one inside the ring and one outside. Due to the legitimate role that referees play in wrestling of serving as liaison between the bookers backstage and the wrestlers in the ring the role of being a final arbitrator is merely kayfabe , the referee is present, even in matches that do not at first glance appear to require a referee such as a ladder match, as it is no holds barred, and the criteria for victory could theoretically be assessed from afar.
Although their actions are also frequently scripted for dramatic effect, referees are subject to certain general rules and requirements to maintain the theatrical appearance of unbiased authority.
The most basic rule is that an action must be seen by a referee to be declared for a fall or disqualification. This allows for heel characters to gain a scripted advantage by distracting or disabling the referee to perform some ostensibly illegal maneuver on their opponent.
Most referees are unnamed and essentially anonymous, though some wrestling promotions, most notably in the present All Elite Wrestling , have made officials known by their names and there are some cases where fans have called their name during matches.
Special guest referees may be used from time to time; by virtue of their celebrity status, they are often scripted to dispense with the appearance of neutrality and use their influence to unfairly influence the outcome of the match for added dramatic impact.
Face special referees will often fight back against hostile heel wrestlers, particularly if the special referee is either a wrestler himself or a famous martial artist such as Tito Ortiz at the main event at TNA Hard Justice Log into your account.
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